Interior design and exterior design is part of the knowledge and skills acquired through long years of work and experience. Everyone wants to make their living space perfect, personal, specific, original, of course, necessarily functional. Your home or office space should and can very easily become a special corner where you will feel comfortable, free and he needs to rinse and meet all your needs. The interior design can include whole objects, or only certain rooms or parts of the room, pieces of interior equipment and furniture that you want to emphasize, repair, refresh or functionally can be processed.
When you know the basic principles of design, you can easily convert any space into space according to your taste. You know what a feeling is when you enter a well-designed space. You can sence that everything looks cohesive and well-designed. The feeling is, simply, good. You can achieve this effect in your home with basic knowledge about interior design. Even if you combine this knowledge with practice and experimentation, you will be on your way to create a beautiful space. We present five basic principles of interior design.
-Proportion and size
In design, the balance creates a sense of decorum. It is important for equalizing or estimating the visual weight of objects. Balance is created not only through form, but also through color, processing and texture. Darker shades, very intense colors and warm shades have much more weight than brighter and cooler shades and non-intensive colors. Unusual or difficult forms and design patterns also contribute to the feeling of weight to the object as they attract more attention. Transparent forms appear lighter than solid forms. There are three different types of balance:
Symmetrical or formal: Traditional or formal spaces require a symmetrical balance where the space is equally divided into two sides that reflect one another. For example, for two chairs placed on the opposite sides of the stops it can be said that they are symmetrically balanced. This type of balance is easily achieved by placing elements one against the other. If you are not careful, this form of balance can become monotonous and boring.
Asymmetrical or informal: The visual weight of the lines, colors, shapes and textures are balanced without full copying. This form of balance is not regulated as symmetrical, but it can therefore be more complicated and more interesting. For example, the sofa can be balanced by the setting of two armchairs opposite it.
Radial: This form of balance can be achieved when there is a central point from which or from which other elements of the interior arise. An example of this would be a round table for dining, with chairs arranged around it. There are many repetitions of form, texture and colors in this aspect of balance.
As in music, the rhythm in design is the creation of a pattern of repetition and contrast in order to create a visual interest. You can achieve this impression by using the same colors or shapes of different intervals. The purpose of this principle is to make you visually notice every detail of the room. For example, you can set a rhythm by using a single color of the pillow, which will be present in the picture, and then again reflected through the carpet. This repetition will put your eyes on constantly moving around the room.
Harmony is created when all the elements work together to create a unique message. As the rhythm can create excitement, so harmony creates a sense of fulfillment. For example, you can create harmony by using a single color, although the shape of the elements in the room differs greatly in size, shape and texture.
The room in which each element gets a gimmick's importance will look either scattered or boring. Anchor is needed. Architectural spaces often have places of interest such as a fireplace or a window with a beautiful view. You can choose to emphasize the built-in item by arranging furniture around that place to highlight it. In a room lacking such a built point of interest, it can be created by grouping furniture or by using an unusual or enlarged element in space
The proportion is the ratio of the size of one element to the other, while the scale is the relation of one object to another or the space in which it is located. For example, a large corner set in a small room would be disproportionate. Some pro-rational relationships are more pleasant than others. The ancient Greeks have devised a golden cross section, which aims to present all proportions through a simple formula: the ratio of the smaller part to the greater part should be the same as the ratio of the greater part to the whole. This proportion is present in nature and was used by artists and architects.
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